In the illustrious realm of rare gems and extraordinary jewels, few treasures shine as brightly as the DeYoung Red Diamond. With its captivating hue and remarkable size, this 5.03-carat marvel stands as a testament to the beauty of coloured diamonds and captures the imaginations of gem enthusiasts and historians alike.
The History of the DeYoung Red Diamond
The history of the DeYoung Red Diamond begins in the late 1930s or early 1940s when it caught the attention of S. Sydney DeYoung, a Boston jeweller with a keen eye for the extraordinary. Acquired at an estate sale, the diamond was initially mistaken for a garnet and mounted in an estate scarf pin. However, DeYoung’s astute observation and gemological expertise soon revealed the true nature of the stone—a rare red diamond of exceptional quality.
Recognizing the significance of his discovery, DeYoung chose to safeguard the diamond within his vault, keeping it hidden from the public eye. Despite its considerable value, the diamond was never offered for sale, remaining a cherished possession of its owner.
Following Sydney DeYoung’s passing in 1986, the fate of the diamond took a pivotal turn. In accordance with his wishes, the DeYoung Red Diamond found its permanent home within the esteemed halls of the Smithsonian Institution’s National Gem Collection. In December 1987, it officially joined the institution’s illustrious array of precious gems, marking the culmination of its remarkable journey.
Protected by bulletproof glass and showcased alongside other treasures, the DeYoung Red Diamond serves as a testament to the enduring legacy of its discoverer and the timeless allure of nature’s creations.
The DeYoung Red Diamond Characteristics
Central to the allure of the DeYoung Red Diamond is its remarkable colour—a deep crimson, graded as fancy dark reddish brown by the Gemological Institute of America (GIA). This vibrant red tone is thought to be a result of unique structural defects within the diamond’s atomic lattice.
The clarity of the DeYoung Red Diamond is another aspect that sets it apart as a gem of exceptional quality. Graded as a VS2 in clarity, this diamond exhibits remarkable transparency and purity.
Complementing its stunning colour is the diamond’s cut—a modified round brilliant cut that maximises its brilliance and enhances its visual appeal. The distinct kite-shaped facets on the diamond’s crown that are split in two horizontally give the stone slightly more brilliance than a standard round brilliant cut and create a mesmerising play of light, showcasing its radiant beauty from every angle.
Measuring an impressive 5.03 carats, the DeYoung Red Diamond ranks among the largest known natural red diamonds in existence. Its substantial size, combined with its exceptional colour and clarity, makes it a rarity of unparalleled significance.
Unveiling the Rarity of Red Diamonds
The origins of red diamonds remain shrouded in mystery, with experts speculating about the unique geological and atomic processes responsible for their striking colouration. While the exact cause remains elusive, one thing is certain—red diamonds are among the rarest of all gemstones, with only a handful known to exist worldwide. The DeYoung Red Diamond, with its deep crimson hue and exceptional clarity, stands as a prime example of nature’s artistry and the remarkable forces at work beneath the earth’s surface.
The scarcity of red diamonds is unparalleled, with estimates suggesting that only one in every hundred million diamonds exhibits a pure red colouration. Geological conditions conducive to the formation of red diamonds are incredibly rare, occurring in only a select few regions around the world. This extreme rarity, coupled with the inherent beauty and allure of red diamonds, has made them some of the most sought-after gemstones on the planet. The DeYoung Red Diamond, one of the largest and most exceptional red diamonds in existence, embodies the pinnacle of rarity and serves as a symbol of nature’s enduring mysteries.
The rarity of red diamonds translates into significant value in the market, with prices reaching astronomical levels for stones of exceptional quality and size. Auctions featuring red diamonds often attract fierce bidding wars among collectors eager to acquire these prized treasures. The DeYoung Red Diamond, with its substantial size, exceptional clarity, and rich colour, commands attention and admiration from collectors and enthusiasts worldwide. Its place within the esteemed Smithsonian Institution’s National Gem Collection further solidifies its significance and underscores the rarity and beauty of red diamonds.
Featured image: Chip Clark and digitally enhanced by SquareMoose / Smithsonian Institution